Hair loss is a natural physiological process.
Every day, our hair loses them in the amount of from 80 to 120 pieces.
However, a significant excess of these indicators is not the norm and often indicates a hormonal failure in the body.
Hormones are also responsible for the growth rate of curls, its slowing down or full stop is a good cause for concern.
Hormones for hair growth on a person’s head
Male sex hormonesregulating hair growth on the human body, but inhibiting their development on the scalp. Their excess can stimulate male hair growth on the face and body, and baldness of hair.
Female sex hormones responsible for hair growth in women play an important role in the body of the fair sex. Responsible for the health of curls, their structure.
Produced in the pituitary glandis secreted into the body every 3-5 hours.
This process is more active at night, during sleep.
After thirty years of age, growth hormone production gradually decreases.
is he rejuvenates the entire body, helps to restore the structure of the hair shaft, the natural color of the strands, increases the possibility of their growth, relieves from premature alopecia. With a lack of it - the effect is opposite.
Hormones responsible for hair growth in women and men
The hormones developed by the body enter the bloodstream and take an active part in the metabolism and blood supply of the scalp.
The most important values for curls are:
- growth hormone (somatotropin),
- melatonin (sleep hormone),
- androgens and estrogens (male and female hormones),
- thyroid hormones (thyroxin and triiodothyronine),
- parathyroid hormones (parathyroid hormone and calcitonin).
In a healthy person, the indicators of hormones responsible for hair growth are normal, which best affects the state of hair.
Hormonal imbalance leads to metabolic disorders (metabolism) and, accordingly, the power of your hair.
As a result - excessive hair loss, in the worst case - alopecia (alopecia).
Androgens and estrogens are present in every person, regardless of gender. As in the family there should be harmony between a man and a woman, so in the body - between female and male hormones.
When this harmony is broken, the main cause of excessive thinning of curls appears. The level of dihydrotestosterone (androgen) increases, which, accumulating in the follicles, makes hair greasy. Then there is a fragility and loss without recovery.
Self-treatment is the shortest way to baldness.
Every day a person begins with the necessary procedures. While combing, he pays attention to how much of his “treasure” is left on the comb. And when the number starts to increase significantly, you need to think about the visit to the trichologist.
A trichologist with the help of special equipment will conduct an examination of the scalp and establish additional symptoms, in addition to hair loss. Such as:
- increased body hair growth
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- sore throat, changing the shape of the neck,
- excessive irritability,
- sleep disturbances
- joint pain,
- a sharp jump in body weight
- sexual disorders, etc.
Perhaps the problem will be solved by an endocrinologist or a gynecologist-endocrinologist, to whom the trichologist will give a referral.Endocrinologists, chief hormone specialists that affect hair growth, will determine if there are problems with the thyroid gland, or if there are problems in a female. Then you will need to pass hormonal tests. And only after this treatment begins with hormones for hair growth on the head.
Failure in the body
Hormonal background can be restored. Let not fast, but quite effective. The attending physician prescribes a comprehensive treatment, which includes:
- hormone replacement therapy with the help of specially selected drugs
- physiotherapeutic procedures (running, gymnastics, breathing according to certain methods, douche, etc.),
- a diet that includes all the necessary vitamins and elements for hair growth.
In addition to these procedures, if necessary, can be assigned:
- darsonvalization (treatment by impulse currents),
- laser therapy.
For successful treatment of hormonal background, you may have to try to give up some bad habits. For example, smoking during treatment can lead to the formation of blood clots.
Hormonal products for hair growth
Hormonal hair growth has many contraindications, such as:
- pregnancy and lactation,
- oncological diseases,
- nervous disorders
- liver and kidney disease
- cardiovascular diseases,
Modern medicine successfully uses the experience accumulated over the centuries and in such cases resorts to herbal medicine.
Herbal medicine - an alternative method
Herbal medicine is used both as an additional treatment and as an independent one, when chemical hormonal drugs are contraindicated.
Alas, only man produces human hormones. But in some plants contain similar substances - phytohormones. They can exhibit both androgen and estrogen properties. Some plants can combine both species.
Given the high content of dihydrotestosterone, female hormones - estrogens are suppressed in the body. Therefore, it is logical that you need to increase their level. Phytoestrogens are present in many plants:
- in soy,
- in cereals,
- in berries,
- in nuts,
- in the seeds
- in sage
- in hop,
- in linden flowers,
- in clover,
- in the clover, etc.
But there is a problem - phytoestrogens can simultaneously possess anti-estrogenic properties.
There are many factors:
- type of plant
- general diagnosis of a person
- how much your own estrogen in the body, etc.
Therefore, once again - it is necessary to consult a phytotherapist, who will take into account all the nuances and prescribe the correct treatment.
Read more about hormones and hair in the video below:
Be attentive to your hair, take care of her - eat right, follow the sleep pattern, do not feel sorry for her masks, balms ... Just be happy, because happy people and hormones are fine!
What hormones are responsible for hair growth
To get started is to deal with the very concept. So, hormone called active substances that are produced by the endocrine glands, they are responsible for the physiological functions of the body. They are able to stimulate or suppress the growth of organic tissues, the functioning of the immune system, affect the metabolism, cause a feeling of hunger.
Important! The human body contains such hormones for the growth of hair as estrogens and androgens.
Estrogen is produced by the appendages of the ovaries and is considered a female hormone. It can also be produced by the adrenal glands. Thanks to him, the female body is different from the male. It affects the shape, psycho-emotional state, as well as the state of health of the hair and skin.
When women have excessive fullness, they talk about an excess of estrogen. The lack of it becomes the reason for the growth of hair on the face, hands, legs, leads to early skin aging, the formation of wrinkles.
Androgens are considered the male sex hormones in a woman’s body. Being normal, they help the development of follicles in the ovaries, muscle and bone tissue. Also, androgens are responsible for the degree of sexual desire, the distribution of hair on the body, the functioning of the hair follicles.
In a lack of androgens are capable of deteriorating location, well-being, reduce sexual desire.
Excess male hormones entail deformation of the ovaries, therefore the egg cell is incapable of fertilization. Besides, women develop baldness on the head, and on the other parts of the body, on the contrary, hairiness increases. The sebaceous glands work more intensively, fat production increases, and as a result, acne and acne appear. The timbre of a voice can change, the size of mammary glands, the volume of hips can decrease.
Testosterone is the main representative of androgens in women.. It is produced in women by the ovaries and adrenal glands. Lack of it leads to a decrease in sexual desire, becomes the cause of obesity, lethargy, decrease in skin elasticity. An overabundance threatens with increased hair growth, in particular, on unwanted areas of the body, the appearance of acne, coarsening of the voice.
Also, the hormone responsible for hair growth is produced by the thyroid gland. It affects oxygen saturation, protein synthesis.
Somatropin helps rejuvenate the body as a whole to restore the structure of the hair follicle, the color of curls. Thanks to somatropin increases the development of strands. Its disadvantage is the opposite effect of baldness.
What are responsible for hair loss
In addition to the hormones responsible for hair growth, there are those who contribute to hair loss. The main of them is dihydrotestosterone, derived from male testosterone. Since it is more present in men, respectively, the male sex is more susceptible to the problem of hair loss. An excess of it in women represents:
- loss of curls,
- excessive sweating
- zamernennosti hair,
- weight gain
- disruption of the menstrual cycle
- androgenic alopecia disease.
Pay attention The female growth hormone, which is responsible for increasing the hair, called estrogen, ensures the normal condition of the locks and skin. Excess estrogen in men contributes to a reduction in body hair growth. Men's in turn, are the cause of the falling strands.
Also isolated prolactin, contributing to the loss of strands. It is produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Prolactin has a negative effect on the hair follicle. Excess prolactin causes diffuse telogenous alopecia.
What is a hormonal failure
Increased growth of hair or loss often occurs due to the failure of the hormonal system. Such a failure is called dysfunction of the activity of hormones, caused by the pathology of the endocrine system.
Causes can be divided into 2 groups:
- Caused by a disruption in the operation of the central regulation. Craniocerebral injuries, tumors, encephalitis can be the cause of harmonic failure due to violations of central regulation organs.
- The endocrine glands affect the general background. Since most secretions are produced in the liver and kidneys, severe damage to these organs can cause imbalances.
There is a failure in different ways depending on the gender, age and state of health of the person. Symptoms of hormonal disorders are disorders of the nervous system, disorders of the functioning of the reproductive system. In addition, there may be a decrease in libido, impaired erection in men, infertility.
When the central nervous system is disturbed due to hormonal disruption, the following symptoms appear:
- fast fatiguability,
- depressed state.
Note, also indicates a failure of the hormonal system, an increase in body weight.
Acceptance of synthetic drugs has the greatest impact on the restoration of hormonal balance. They should be prescribed exclusively by a qualified endocrinologist, gynecologist, and trichologist after examining the patient. Take medication should be only when there is androgenic alopecia.
The specialist prescribes hormonal pills or rubbing special medical devices into the scalp. Laser therapy and oxygen therapy are also recommended. However, such drugs have a number of contraindications, among which:
- cardiovascular diseases,
- bleeding disorders,
- varicose veins,
- kidney disease
- obesity, diabetes,
- pregnancy, breastfeeding,
- swelling of the genitals, breast.
It is worth noting, that hormone-containing drugs provoke an increase in the likelihood of thrombosis in girls who smoke.
What can replace
If there are contraindications to the use of hormone-containing agents, they can be replaced by other alternative methods:
- For example, some herbal remedies have an effect similar to the work of sexual secrets.
- To increase progesterone levels apply products of plant originwhich are contained in soy products, legumes, nuts, hops, alfalfa, clover.
- To restore the thyroid gland, it is recommended to use seafood, prunes, dates, currants, spinach, persimmon.
- To normalize the production of estradiol, the girls are advised to increase the amount of protein foods and cross out foods containing fiber, pastries.
- To eliminate the deficiency of progesterone, it is often advised to eat citrus fruits, black currant, and wild rose hips.
- In general, to restore the balance of hormones, it is recommended to exclude products containing coffee and alcohol.
- Among folk remedies for hair growth, they note the effective results of scalp massage and mesotherapy.
- Traditional medicine also helps to restore hair. Broths from boron uterus, linden flowers, hop flowers, as well as rinsing with nettle broth have an effective effect.
In conclusion, we can say that a healthy lifestyle, proper care, proper nutrition, is the key to healthy hair.
You will learn more about hair growth thanks to the following articles:
Why women have hair fall out.
When are hormone tests needed?
It is the worst enemy of hair follicles and the cause of many types of baldness. in both sexes, in particular, in women provokes androgenic alopecia. If time does not reveal the presence of dehydrotestosterone, the process of baldness will be irreversible.
Produced in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Renders as direct negative effect on the hair follicle, and indirectly, increasing the content of paraandrogens in the adrenal cortex.
What is the effect of female hormones on the skin of the face and hair. Hormones for hair growth, it is important to know everything
Text: Kristina Ivanova
Hormones regulate almost all processes. in humans. Each of them may have several functions, and between them they interact through the most complex algorithms. Disruption of the synthesis of a single hormone can lead to a whole cascade of health problems - and even hormonal disorders affect the skin. They can manifest themselves in different ways: like acne, dryness, peeling, or too early loss of elasticity.
To make the skin feel good, it is worthwhile not to follow the level of a specific hormone, but rather the general hormonal balance, under the supervision of a competent and trustworthy doctor. Irina Vyatkina, Ph.D. in medical sciences, gynecologist and endocrinologist at the Clinic of Marina Ryabus, told us about what hormones and how they affect the skin condition.
Testosterone and its derivatives are usually called the male hormones - but in fact both all have androgens and “female” estrogens, and only their number differs. Androgens stimulate connective tissue cells that produce collagen - as a result, the deep layers of the skin are renewed and its elasticity is maintained.
The lack of androgens, including age, reduces the protective function of the skin and the speed of its renewal - it gradually loses its elasticity and density, becomes drier and thinner. An excess of androgens - for example, in the last phase of the menstrual cycle, a few days before the menstruation - causes an increase in the work of the sebaceous glands, which makes the skin oily and prone to rashes.
The estrogenic female phenotype depends on estrogen - for example, the tendency to accumulate fat on the hips and other features of the figure. Estrogens are involved in the renewal of skin and hair cells. At the normal speed of this process, the skin remains supple and moisturized - and it is well reduced after sudden weight changes.
If there is an excess of estrogen, problems with blood vessels may appear (for example, varicose veins or spider veins on the legs), and body weight may also increase dramatically. Lack of estrogen in women may be manifested by a decline in strength, excessive and uncharacteristic hair growth, a decrease in libido.
Each month, progesterone prepares the female body for pregnancy, and if it has arrived, it helps to preserve and bear the child until the placenta takes over. The work of this hormone affects the appearance: an increase in progesterone levels leads to fluid retention and edema. In addition, the permeability of the vascular wall increases, and as a result, the skin becomes more tensile and prone to rashes, the likelihood of pigmentation increases. An extra pair of kilograms just before menstruation is due to progesterone. Thanks to this hormone and for all the favorite symptoms of PMS: irritability, temper, touchiness, tearfulness and lethargy.
Increasing the level of progesterone in the last phase of the menstrual cycle is the norm. It is possible to suspect that it is too much on other days, if there is a clear stretch of skin, swelling, increased cellulite (this occurs due to fluid retention), mood swings, hyperpigmentation. Too long periods, brittle nails and hair may indicate a lack of progesterone.
Primarily, this hormone is responsible for the formation of breast milk and is actively synthesized during lactation - but its level may also increase in stressful situations and under emotional stress. Its excess provokes swelling, chest pain, skin tendency to oily skin and rashes. Deficiency can lead to dry skin, headaches, loss of strength. The only indirect plus for prolactin for the skin is that it enhances the production of oxytocin.
This hormone is responsible for the feeling of tenderness and affection, and in the largest quantities it is produced under the influence of prolactin after birth - this explains the instantaneous wave of love for the newborn. Oxytocin increases local (on the skin surface) immunity and reduces the risk of rashes. This hormone utilizes glucose, namely sugar - the main food of pathogenic bacteria, and the smaller it is, the lower the risk of inflammation.
Well-being and freshness are hardly possible without normal sleep, and melatonin is responsible for its quality. Its synthesis occurs at night, approximately from midnight to four in the morning, in a dream and only in complete darkness. “Owls”, who are not sleeping at this time, should be especially careful to follow the level of melatonin.
Melatonin neutralizes the destructive effects of oxidative processes - it binds free radicals, which are formed during the oxidation, for example, of fats.Oxidative stress is one of the main causes of visual aging of the skin (loss of luster and elasticity), so the skin condition depends directly on the level of melatonin. The level of melatonin is closely related to the level of another important hormone - cortisol, and it is precisely the smooth change in their concentrations that takes us from the state of sleep to wakefulness, when the daytime comes. If you sleep in the light, cortisol in the body becomes more and less melatonin.
Cortisol is called stress hormone, but it is involved in all metabolic processes - in the event of stress, it is responsible for the instantaneous mobilization of the body. If cortisol is in excess, then it really affects us destructively. Its level depends, for example, carbohydrate metabolism and insulin production, and its excess can lead to a typical redistribution of fat in the body. At the same time, the face, neck, upper shoulder girdle, and the legs and pelvis lose weight disproportionately.
With increasing levels of cortisol, acne appears, peeling, skin becomes oily and thinned, the risk of hyperpigmentation increases. Damage heals longer, leaving behind scars and age spots. In addition, cortisol causes swelling, makes hair brittle, can lead to seborrhea and even hair loss.
This hormone goes hand in hand with cortisol - it is called the "hormone of joy." In the course of natural aging, the level of dopamine decreases - and the problem, of course, and in the associated risks of disease and general malaise. Dopamine deficiency can be seen by impoverished facial expressions, lethargy, stoop, stiffness, loss of dexterity and plasticity.
Insulin is known to be responsible for the level of glucose in the blood, and the development of resistance to it is associated with one of the most terrible diseases - diabetes. In the already developed diabetes mellitus, complications are terrible in the first place - from the side of both the heart and large vessels, and the capillaries, which also feed the skin. In severe cases, the violation of this process leads to necrosis of the tissues of the feet and may result in amputation.
Maturing problems with insulin levels can externally manifest as hyperpigmentation, a decrease in the protective function of the skin, a tendency to inflammation, and darkening of certain areas - for example, in the armpits and on the neck.
Thyroid hormones are involved in a variety of processes - they regulate metabolism, synthesis of vitamin A, the rate of absorption of oxygen. If thyroid function is reduced, dryness, yellowness, marbling of the skin appear. Hair falls out, nails break and exfoliate, and hair of the outer third of the eyebrows may fall out. If the thyroid hormones are in excess, the hair becomes thin, soft and oily, and the skin becomes oily, hot, with excessive sweating. Often this condition is accompanied by hyperpigmentation.
This type of acne occurs due to hormonal disruption in the body - a violation of the exchange of male sex hormones, or androgens. They are produced in different quantities in both women and men. In individuals with androgen deficiency or reduced sensitivity to them, sebum production decreases, and hormonal acne does not occur. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor also play a role in the development of pathology.
In women, hormonal acne often occurs between the ages of 30 to 50 years, also manifested in the premenstrual period. In men, the prevalence of this pathology is somewhat lower. Juvenile acne is more likely to have a non-hormonal cause, or it is not the leading cause.
Causes and mechanism of development
Androgen precursors are synthesized in the body. In the skin, they turn into testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. These substances stimulate the growth of skin cells and sebum production.
Causes of acne on the background of excess androgens:
- an increase in sebum secretion leads to a decrease in the concentration on the skin surface of linoleic acid, which irritates the epidermis cells and contributes to inflammation,
- hypersecretion of sebum leads to an increase in its viscosity and clogged pores, which creates unfavorable conditions in the sebaceous glands,
- under the action of sunlight and external pollution, sebum substances are oxidized, causing the appearance and
- with increased greasiness of the skin, favorable conditions are created for the reproduction of bacteria that cause inflammation.
The reasons for the increase in the synthesis of androgens in the body:
- polycystic ovary syndrome,
- tumors of the adrenal glands, ovaries, in men - the testes,
- abusing anabolic steroids in sports,
- surgery to change the female to the male.
Symptoms of hyperandrogenism are determined in 20-40% of women with hormonal acne. Therefore, when such a rash appears, it is necessary to contact a gynecologist and an endocrinologist, and undergo a thorough examination.
In addition to acne, patients usually have other signs of androgen imbalance:
- hirsutism - excessive hair growth on the chest, face, abdomen and thighs,
- the sudden appearance of acne on previously healthy skin,
- the ineffectiveness of the usual treatment of such a pathology,
- the absence or irregularity of menstruation,
- increase in muscles, decrease in a voice timbre,
- decrease in the size of the mammary glands,
- weight gain, early signs of diabetes.
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor
Not all people have hormonal acne accompanied by an increased level of androgens in the blood, since this process is more closely associated with the synthesis of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone from their predecessors in the skin, which may not be reflected in normal blood tests for hormones. The process is enhanced by the action of insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF).
Insulin and IGF trigger a hormonal cascade reaction that causes an increase in sebum production and an increased risk of acne. There are studies showing that food with the restriction of sugar, other carbohydrates and milk reduces the appearance of hormonal acne.
In the appearance of this skin pathology, insulin resistance is also important. These tissues are resistant to insulin, as a result of which they do not receive enough glucose. To provide cells with energy, the pancreas is forced to produce more and more insulin, which, among other things, leads to the formation of acne. This mechanism is most pronounced in people with type 2 diabetes.
Lack of estrogen and hypothyroidism
Female sex hormones - estrogen - have the opposite effect of androgens and protect the skin from hormonal acne. With a lack of these hormones (for example, when the ovaries are removed as a result of the operation), rashes begin to appear.
Hormonally associated lesions are also observed in patients with hypothyroidism, that is, with reduced thyroid function. It disrupts the work of the reproductive organs and the production of estrogen, which has a negative effect on the skin.
Rashes occur in the first months of a newborn's life. They are associated with the reaction of superficially located small sebaceous glands to the parent maternal hormones. Often in this case, the mother suffers from acne.
Such pimples are few. They look like small seals or elevations with a slight reddening rim around caused by inflammation. Mainly affected forehead, nose, cheeks, nasolabial folds, neck.
This is a physiological condition, it is not necessary to treat it. It is only necessary to observe the hygiene of the baby, to bathe in time, change the bedclothes and so on. A few days after the onset of the rash spontaneously disappears.
Manifestation of the disease in adolescents
Ripening gonads in girls and boys do not always provide the normal ratio of hormones in the body. The result is a skin rash, usually located in the forehead, nose and chin. With age, the hormonal balance is restored, and with proper care, most young people have acne. Reception of medicines in this case is often not needed.
In the first (follicular) phase of the cycle, estrogens dominate in the blood, and after ovulation, their level decreases, and progesterone begins to predominate. The testosterone level during the cycle remains stable.
However, by reducing the “restraining” effect of estrogen before menstruation, testosterone begins to exert its negative effect on the skin, and acne of hormonal etiology appears on the face, chest, back.
Rash during menopause
At the age of 45-50 years, fading of ovarian function begins, which leads to a reduction in estrogen synthesis. As a result, the number of androgens, which in women are produced mainly in the adrenal glands, is relatively increasing.
A rash may occur despite the use of hormone replacement therapy if it contains a large amount of progestin and a relatively small proportion of estrogen. Therefore, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist for the selection of the optimal treatment option.
Male hormonal acne
The disease usually appears only in men who take too many anabolic steroids. However, acne does not always indicate a high level of male sex hormones.
The main cause of hormonal eruptions is insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, a diet with carbohydrate restriction is effective for correcting the condition.
Finally, the question of the nature of the pathological condition of the skin in men has not been studied, so the treatment of hormonal acne can be very difficult.
Rash after childbirth
After the baby is born, the progesterone level quickly increases in the woman’s body, and the amount of estrogen is unstable. As a result, sebum production and pore blockage are enhanced. Hormonal acne that occurs after childbirth is usually located on the neck and lower part of the face, and persists for several months.
The most effective treatment option is taking birth control pills. However, they should be prescribed by a doctor taking into account possible breastfeeding.
The rash is localized in places where the sebaceous glands accumulate, on the face, lower cheek, chin and neck. These are small red formations located on a large surface of the skin. If inflammation joins, pain appears, itching is possible.
In some cases, intense acne occurs with the formation of purulent heads or deep subcutaneous cysts.
For diagnostics, tests for hormones (estrogens, testosterone, TSH, T4 and others) are assigned, and if necessary, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, ovaries, adrenal glands, pituitary.
Helps to get rid of hormonal acne reducing testosterone levels. Methods aimed at eliminating insulin resistance or increasing estrogen concentrations, as well as antiandrogens, may be helpful. Additionally, you need a diet, taking some nutritional supplements and proper skin care.
To cure pathological rash, it is necessary to eliminate their cause. To do this, you should hold all the diagnostic measures prescribed by the doctor.
Conservative therapy consists in taking the following drugs:
- oral contraceptives containing estrogens and progesterone reduce androgen production and rash by the end of the 3rd month of use, but after they are canceled, acne may reappear, and even more than before the treatment, it is better if in combination with ethinyl estradiol substances like drospirenone, norgestimate or norethindrone,
- antiandrogens (spironolactone) - reduce testosterone production and the formation of dihydrotestosterone in the skin, which helps to remove acne from 66% of women within 3 months, but the medicine is not recommended for the treatment of rashes in men,
- Metformina - reduces insulin resistance.
Oral contraceptives should not be used by women with increased blood viscosity, hypertension, breast cancer or smokers.
How to treat hormonal acne using nutrition, studied in detail since 2002. The most harmful substances in this pathology are sugar and carbohydrates, as well as dairy products.
- eliminate from the diet of sugar and digestible ("fast") carbohydrates, which lead to a sharp increase in the concentration of insulin in the blood,
- replace “fast” carbohydrates with foods with a low glycemic index, such as cereals, whole grain bread,
- fats and proteins are not limited, but vegetable oils should prevail in the qualitative composition of fats.
- Switching to such a diet reduces the appearance of lesions in 25 to 50% of patients. Such food:
- reduces the level of testosterone and other androgens,
- reduces insulin production and IFI,
- increases the synthesis of proteins that bind and inactivate sex hormones,
- activates the secretion of estrogen
- relieves manifestations of premenstrual acne.
Dairy products are also harmful for patients with hormone-associated acne. Their effects are proven:
- increased insulin and iGF,
- increased production of androgens in the ovaries, adrenal glands, testicles,
- increased skin sensitivity to androgens.
People who constantly use milk are more prone to the appearance of acne.
Herbal medicine and nutritional supplements
The most useful are those plants and drugs that reduce insulin levels or restore the balance of sex hormones.
Of these, we can allocate such funds:
- Vitex sacred or Abraham tree. Funds based on it are available in the form of tablets, capsules, tea and tincture. Reduces the manifestations of premenstrual syndrome and associated acne, and is also useful with an increased level of prolactin and an irregular menstrual cycle.
- Cinnamon. Despite evidence of the effectiveness of this plant for insulin resistance, with hormonal acne, the data are contradictory. It helps some patients, but not others. In any case, the addition of cinnamon in the dishes will not bring harm to health, but it can reduce the severity of acne.
- Apple cider vinegar slows down the digestion process and the absorption of carbohydrates, thus reducing the peak insulin production. Its benefits for women with polycystic ovaries have been proven. Therefore, it helps some patients get rid of acne when ingesting 2 tablespoons a day.
- Mint. It has been proven that drinking 2 cups of mint tea per day leads to suppression of the synthesis of androgens and increased estrogen production, which is useful for women with a hormone-dependent rash. Men can not take this tool, as it reduces the potency and sexual desire.
Nutritional supplements that will be helpful for hormonal disorders and related skin problems:
- drugs containing magnesium and calcium reduce inflammation, and also enhance the renewal of skin cells and regulate the sebaceous glands,
- Omega-3 fatty acids contained in marine fish or, for example, flaxseed oil, make the skin softer, smooth its relief, and also rejuvenate the entire body,
- Zinc and copper prevent inflammation and the growth of bacteria,
- probiotics necessary for intestinal health, which helps the body utilize excess hormones,
- vitamins that provide an active metabolism in the cells, vitamin B6 specifically prevents skin inflammation and sebum production.
The same agents are used as with other types of acne. In addition, there is a feature - the advantage is given to drugs containing dihydrotestosterone blockers. This substance, as mentioned above, is formed in the skin and becomes the main cause of the formation of rashes.
- green tea,
- lotus extract,
- Argan oil,
- tea tree oil,
- sesame seed oil.
Powerful dihydrotestosterone blockers - essential oils of black currant, primrose, wild rose, grape seed or hemp. Avoid products with olive or coconut oil.
In addition to these agents, it is recommended to use agents for the prevention of complications of a hormone-dependent rash, for example, infection. For this purpose, the perfect drug Zener, containing zinc salt and erythromycin. It not only dries the skin and reduces the activity of the sebaceous glands, but also prevents bacteria from multiplying on the skin surface, causing inflammation and the formation of pustules.
With a moderate rash, you can use creams containing. It is important to daily treat open skin, as these substances increase the risk of sunburn.
The duration of treatment is about 10 weeks. If after this period the rash has not disappeared, re-consultation of a dermatologist, gynecologist, endocrinologist is necessary.
Additional tips to combat hormonal acne:
- Do not sunbathe, constantly use products in the summer with a UV filter with an SPF of at least 15-30,
- wash with warm water with a foam containing, for example, green tea extract, without soap, in the morning and in the evening,
- do not touch your face with dirty hands during the day,
- do not squeeze acne,
- Do not cauterize with alcohol, iodine, brilliant green, potassium permanganate.
Hormones, as far as we all know, are chemicals that have a strong effect on the body, regulate metabolic processes and have a specific effect on various systems of the body. But how often do we ask ourselves that skin problems are related to hormones? When we talk about hormones, we mean mostly reproductive, although it is not the only hormones, the result of which can be seen on the face.
Types and effects of hormones
Adrenalin makes you feel full of energy. Known as "fight or flight hormone." It is produced by the adrenal glands in stressful situations. The adrenal glands should release this hormone only sporadically, however, the modern lifestyle, full of stress, causes adrenaline to develop regularly, which is why the adrenal glands are depleted. Then the lack of adrenaline will be compensated by overproduction of cortisol and testosterone.
CORTISOL is a hormone that is always present and returns back to adrenaline. Cortisol increases the acuteness of all the senses and gives readiness “to fight or fly”, has an inflammatory effect on the body.
SEROTONIN - the hormone of happiness. Helps to feel calm and relaxed, regulate appetite. To ensure a sufficient amount of serotonin in the body, you need to get enough sleep, because it is during sleep that this hormone is produced. Therefore, if your client doesn’t sleep much due to stress or hot flashes at night, he will suffer from a lack of serotonin. Low levels of serotonin leads to a lack of melatonin.
MELATONIN works “hand in hand” with serotonin and allows you to sleep at night. Good sleep gives you the opportunity to wake up with a sufficient supply of adrenaline and serotonin.
INSULIN is responsible for the level of sugar.
Hormones affect our behavior and reactions. But what do we know about these hormones? During stress, the adrenal glands produce adrenaline, cortisol, testosterone. Therefore, if a woman leads a lifestyle full of stress, his adrenal glands are depleted and begin to produce huge amounts of testosterone. This is the reason for the frequency of hormonal disruptions during stressful periods.
If the adrenaline supply is exhausted, the person begins to act on cortisol, and the skin in this case becomes inflamed. You can forget about deep sleep - melatonin and serotonin will be at different levels, which means you will feel tired, exhausted and sluggish.In this case, most likely, an explosion of energy will help, which will stimulate insulin production, which will lead to a retreat of stress and activation of the adrenal glands.
So the hormonal "carousel" is launched. These hormones will bind to the reproductive hormones present in the body,
Hormones, as you know, are chemical "messengers" that have a specific effect on certain cells in the body. They enter the bloodstream, through which they are delivered to various parts of the body. But they affect only those cells that have a specific unique construction specifically for this type of hormone. Therefore, hormones give effect only if they enter the correct receptor. The skin has several types of receptors for different hormones:
- ESTROGENIC HORMONES of female action,
- ANDROGENIC HORMONES for male action,
- PROGESTERON - the predecessor of androgens and estrogens. It has a regulating effect.
What is hormonal hair loss? Diagnostics
Hair growth is mainly regulated by hormonal background.
It affects the difference in this process in people with different conditions and lifestyles, different age groups and gender.
Naturally that the slightest failure in this process may contribute to hair loss.
The most common cause of baldness is an imbalance of androgens and estrogens. in the human body.
In addition to baldness, the following symptoms may occur:
- sharp set or weight reduction,
- high fatigue,
- menstrual paincycle violation
- hair loss on the head,
- increased body hair on the body, face,
- dizziness, headaches,
- jumps blood pressure
- joint pain,
- sleep disturbances
- decreased libido
- increased irritability, a tendency to depression.
Causes of slow hair growth
First of all, you need to understand the root cause of slow growth. There are external and internal factors that affect the condition of the hair and its ability to grow, and can even cause severe hair loss.
Internal factors include:
- The psychological state of man. Under stress, the body is not able to gather strength to preserve the health and good nutrition of hair and bulbs. Poor sleep, depression, general tiredness will not contribute to a long and shiny head of hair.
- Improper nutrition. Hair needs nutrients, vitamins and minerals that must be sufficiently supplied with food. If this does not happen, they become thin, brittle and dull. The question of how to increase hair growth, can not even talk.
Among external factors can be identified such important as:
- Split ends, which do not allow the hair to receive adequate nutrition, so they are dry and brittle,
- Cold climate - it is known that hair grows better in summer, so you can not overcool the head. An additional bonus from warming is the absence of colds,
- Traumatic styling with hot pleyok and irons, as well as the use of a hairdryer. Hair can not often withstand high temperatures, while maintaining a healthy state. It is better to refuse such external influence on a hairdress.
How to restore hormones?
Restoring hormonal balance takes a lot of time.
This is a serious violation. to be fought in the early stages.
The most effective way is the reception of synthetic hormones, intended either to stimulate the production of their own, or to suppress their excess.
Prescribe medication should be qualified after receiving the results of all tests and surveys.
When do I need to take hormone-containing drugs for the growth of hair?
It should be started only in serious cases of alopecia, after passing all the necessary tests and the conclusion of a gynecologist or endocrinologist. Hormone-containing drugs have a number of contraindications and side effects, their uncontrolled reception can lead to serious consequences.
Acceptance of hormone-containing drugs is prohibited:
- in the presence of serious cardiovascular diseases,
- blood clotting,
- serious liver diseases,
- varicose veins,
- with obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes,
- of pregnancy and lactation,
- bleeding from the genital tract, not due to menstruation,
- when detecting tumors of the genital organs and breasts (untreated or malignant).
IMPORTANT: Hormone-containing drugs increase the risk of thrombosis in women who smoke.
For less serious contraindications, such as uterine fibroids, epilepsy, thrombosis of the superficial veins, the doctor makes a decision about taking hormonal drugs or refusing them, depending on the health condition of the particular patient.
On our site you can get acquainted with a huge number of recipes for homemade hair growth masks: with nicotinic acid, from coffee grounds, with vodka or brandy, with mustard and honey, with aloe, with gelatin, with ginger, from henna, from bread, with kefir, with cinnamon, egg and onion.
Read our other articles on hair regrowth:
- Tips on how to grow curls after a square or another short haircut, return the natural color after staining, speed up growth after chemotherapy.
- Lunar calendar haircuts and how often do you need to cut your hair while growing?
- The main reasons why strands grow poorly, what foods affect good growth?
- How to quickly grow hair in a year or even a month?
- Means that can help you grow: effective serums for hair growth, in particular the Andrea brand, Estelle and Alerana products, pameric water and various lotions, shampoo and oil of the Horse Power brand, as well as other growth shampoos, in particular, activator shampoo Gold silk.
- For opponents of traditional means we can offer folk: mummy, various herbs, tips on using mustard and apple cider vinegar, as well as recipes for making homemade shampoo.
- Vitamins are very important for the health of the hair: read the review of the best pharmacy complexes, in particular the drugs Aevit and Pentovit. Learn about the features of the use of vitamins of group B, in particular B6 and B12.
- Learn about the various preparations for enhancing growth in ampoules and tablets.
- Did you know that means in the form of sprays have a beneficial effect on the growth of curls? We offer you a review of effective sprays, as well as instructions for cooking at home.
Hormone responsible for human growth
In the human body, the so-called growth hormone or somatotropin is responsible for the length of the body and the proportions of all its parts. This substance is produced by the pituitary gland (anterior part of it), which is located in the cerebral cortex. An increased amount of this hormone is found in the body of adolescents who are in the active growth phase.
Somatotropin causes the acceleration of bone growth in length, and also does not allow proteins to decay and provokes their formation. Dysfunction or damage to the pituitary gland can trigger growth disturbances, causing dwarfism or gigantism.
What vitamins promote growth
Of course, the genetic code is almost impossible to influence. But science knows that it is possible to stimulate the production of growth hormone, if you correct your diet correctly. Vitamins are able to provoke an active synthesis of somatotropin.
Here are these vitamins:
- Vitamin A or “growth vitamin” is found in large quantities in fruits and vegetables of orange and red color. First of all, it is carrots, apricots, tomatoes, red pepper, etc.
- Vitamin B is found in foods of animal origin: Dutch cheese, butter, chicken egg yolks. It is also in nuts.
- Vitamin E is present in olive oil, beef and rabbit liver, eggs, beef, and oats.
- Vitamin D is produced in the body, and does not enter it with any products. And the synthesis of this vitamin occurs in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Therefore, you need to moderately sunbathe in the warm season and use pharmaceutical vitamin D in the cold season. The substance promotes the absorption of calcium, which is necessary for the growth of bones, teeth and hair.
Macro and trace elements that affect growth
We list what contributes to growth:
- Protein is the “building material” of all cells and tissues in the body. With its deficiency dystrophy may occur, there is a short stature. Protein is found in animal products - meat and especially fish, as well as in plant foods - in beans and soybeans.
- Carbohydrates are necessary for normal brain function (and therefore, they ensure good pituitary function).
- Fats are needed to dissolve fat-soluble vitamins E and B.
- Calcium is most needed for bone growth. Its increased amount is noted in dairy products, cabbage and spinach.
- Zinc is also needed by the body. Scientists note the relationship between growth retardation and the deficiency of this element.
- Iron is necessary for normal blood formation and oxygenation of tissues. Without this trace element, the normal functioning of organs and systems is impossible. Iron-rich apples, pomegranates and meat.
The diet of a growing person who wants to grow a little more should be complete and balanced. In addition, the products must be properly prepared: it is better to eat vegetables raw or steamed, so that the maximum amount of nutrients remains in them.
Healthy and active lifestyle
Contribute to the development and growth of the young body also sports, high physical activity. This should be known to young people who are looking for the answer to the question of what to do to grow. Catching up with basketball, swimming, handball and volleyball, you can affect your growth - grow. And growth can be inhibited by bad habits - smoking, alcoholism, drug use.
The link between active exercise and height of a person can be traced to the fact that with sufficient physical activity the body is better saturated with oxygen. Exercise normalizes the work of all organs and stimulates normal metabolism.
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Review of hormones responsible for hair growth on the head in both men and women
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The human body is a wise and complex system in which everything is interconnected.
Hormones in this system play the role of regulators of certain processes, including hair growth.
Hair loss is a natural physiological process.
Every day, our hair loses them in the amount of from 80 to 120 pieces.
However, a significant excess of these indicators is not the norm and often indicates a hormonal failure in the body.
Hormones are also responsible for the growth rate of curls, its slowing down or full stop is a good cause for concern.
- Hormones responsible for hair growth in women and men
- Self-treatment is the shortest way to baldness.
- Failure in the body
- Hormonal products for hair growth
- Herbal medicine - an alternative method
- Useful video
Hair does not grow there, perhaps, the fault is caused by growth hormones
With an increased content of male-type hormones (androgens), even women have hair on their faces, breasts, hair and arms growth increases, which makes the owners of such dubious “wealth” experience and pay for hair removal sessions. At the same time on the head the quantity and quality of hair is reduced.
The same applies to men, although for them the factor of improper distribution of hair is not so critical. With such a hormonal imbalance, correction is necessary. External influences - various epilations, shaving, plucking or, on the contrary, numerous masks and expensive shampoos for improving the condition of hair - can only partially or temporarily eliminate the problem.
Hormones for the growth of curlsPhoto: Getty
How to fix hormonal balance
If you suspect excessive levels of male hormones in the body, you must pass special tests and contact a specialist who can advise drugs for correction.
The most common hormones for hair growth are the so-called phytoestrogens found in plants. Their composition, unlike synthetic hormonal preparations, is as close as possible to the female sex hormones - estrogen, which guarantees a soft and natural effect, maintaining balance.
How do hormones affect the skin?
1. Stimulates an increase in cells and their metabolism.
2. Reduces the size and activity of the sebaceous glands.
3. Makes sebaceous secretions less viscous.
4. Increases fat stores.
5. Detains fluid in the body.
6. Violates blood sugar levels.
7. Leads to a decrease in zinc.
8. Reduces the flow of oxygen into the cells.
9.Stimulates the production of hyaluronic acid.
10. Makes skin texture softer and more relaxed.
The effect of estrogen on female skin is obvious. Regulatory effects on the sebaceous glands means that the skin of a woman will be much less oily than that of a man. Also, estrogen stimulates the production of hyaluronic acid, which allows not only to keep the skin soft and smooth, but to achieve an optimal level of moisture. The reproduction of estrogen changes with the passage of life. However, our skin is changing.
1. Increases the number of cells in the basal layer.
2. Increases the activity of the sebaceous glands.
3.Increases viscosity of sebum.
4. Stimulates the production of collagen.
5. Increases hair growth.
The behavior of the sebaceous glands is regulated by hormones. Men have a higher level of androgenic hormones than women - this can be seen if we compare the skin of different sexes. Since androgens increase the viscosity of sebum, men's skin is more oily, and its pores are enlarged. Androgens stimulate fibroblast cells to produce collagen, as a result of which the skin becomes thicker and more resilient.
1. Beat down estrogen receptors.
2. Provide cells with oxygen, thus strengthening the skin.
3. Stabilize the sugar level.
4. Normalize the content of zinc and copper.
Taking into account all the above effects, let's take a look at the various conditions of our skin in accordance with periods of hormonal changes.
Acne and Acne
This effect is one of the most undesirable. Its degree can vary from a single pimple to huge cystic acne (grade 1-5).
Acne is the result of poor-quality sebum, extreme thickening of the stratum corneum, impaired microflora of the skin or inflammation. We know that androgens affect two of these factors, increasing the rate of cell renewal in the basal layer (thickening of the skin, formation of congestion) and viscosity of sebum (food for bacteria, inflammation).
This leads us to believe that everyone who suffers from acne has a high level of androgen in the blood. However, it is not. The question is complicated by the fact that we have to take into account the following fact: the ovaries and adrenal glands produce only 50% of the total number of androgens in the body.The remaining half is produced directly in the skin, while the skin can also convert already developed androgens into a more powerful form. But how?
In the lower part of the sebaceous gland is an enzyme that is particularly sensitive to androgens. 5A reductase enzyme turns androgens into a very powerful testosterone called dehydrotestosterone. It increases the viscosity of sebum. To treat such skin, you need to find an ingredient that will allow you to regulate the activity of sebocytes (sebaceous gland cells), such as vitamin A in the forms of retinyl acetate and retinyl palmitate and at a dosage high enough to achieve a result.
During the first half of the menstrual cycle, estrogen dominates and controls the sebaceous glands. After ovulation, progesterone begins to dominate, and estrogen returns to normal effects on the glands. Estrogen effects can be masked by androgens, which tighten the skin and make sebaceous glands secretions more viscous. And this in turn leads to inflammation and acne. If your client suffers from this, the diagnosis is obvious - skin estrogen deficiency. The treatment requires an ingredient that stimulates the production of phytoestrogens and adaptogens that help cells recognize these substances.
Hormonal changes during menopause are slow, unless they are surgically induced. Menstruation becomes irregular, ovulation decreases, while it does not go away at all. A lot of curious things happen at this time. Progesterone ceases to be produced, since ovulation no longer exists. The ovaries reduce the production of estrogen. Androgens continue to be produced at the same level. Thus, the effect of testosterone becomes more apparent. Testosterone, which does not resist, causes hair growth and the appearance of acne (as well as a change in body shape). The lack of estrogen causes a decrease in the production of hyaluronic acid, which means that the skin becomes thinner and almost unable to stay hydrated.
Bearing in mind that estrogen ceases to be produced by the ovaries and that there are receptors in the skin that estrogen should take, we can conclude that an ingredient is needed that stimulates the production of phytoestrogens. In this case, you will notice improvements in a few days.
Be healthy and beautiful! Your Super Cosmetics!
Unfortunately, these harmless black dots (or eels) are in fact harbingers of acne. In adolescents and young girls, they are localized on the forehead, cheeks and nose, and with age they move to the chin and neck. And to give up on it is the height of levity. If you are at risk, a catastrophe on your face can happen at any moment: at the beginning of the cycle, during a diet, after going to a Mexican restaurant (spicy food provokes acne), on the eve of the exam or quarterly report. Some see a source of skin problems for lack of sexual activity, others blame improper care, others are convinced that acne is the fate of sweet teeth. There are, finally, those who believe that the main cause of acne is internal, psycho-emotional. To some extent, everyone is right, and your business is to competently solve the problem.
Do not rub your face with ice cubes: they narrow the pores, which ultimately leads to increased sebum secretion.
Hormonal malfunction - problem skin
Drastic measures against acne
First of all, as a rule, antibacterial creams and ointments are prescribed. If after one or two weeks the skin condition does not improve, heavy artillery is used - combined oral contraceptives, such as “Jes”, “Yarin”, “Diane-35”. All of them reduce the activity of the sebaceous glands, lowering the level of testosterone, and - most importantly - officially registered as a means to treat acne. Another option - drugs based on vitamin A, retinoids.They release clogged pores and prevent the appearance of new acne. Sometimes they are prescribed in combination with antibiotics.
Home care for skin
Any dermatologist will tell you that even with a hormonal failure, the skin can be maintained in good condition. To do this, you must exfoliate it, tone it up and also use a care product that perfectly suits your type, morning and evening. The right products change the pH of the epidermis, stop the proliferation of bacteria, but do not violate the protective barrier of the skin. So first cleanser. Since it contains antibacterial and anti-inflammatory substances, the skin will receive a signal to turn on natural protection against external irritants. Then - exfoliating toning lotion. He will prepare the epidermis for the subsequent application of a cream or fluid (depending on which texture you prefer). The task of the tool - the direct fight against acne and inflammation.
What hormones affect the skin? What harm do male hormones cause? How does the menstrual cycle affect the skin?What hormones affect the skin? Optimal hormonal balance is the key to a beautiful body and healthy skin. However, more and more women with these or other problems caused by the violation of the hormonal level. Three types of glands in the body completely determine the appearance of a person: 1. The external secretion glands secrete sweat and sebum to the outside. 2. The endocrine glands launch substances directly into the blood, spreading them throughout the body. 3. Glands of mixed secretion (sex and pancreas) have a double action. A multitude of glands and their hormones affect the condition of the skin: 1. The pituitary gland, located at the base of the skull, makes the female figure tender and affects the distribution of subcutaneous fat. By reducing its work, the production of other hormones is also reduced, and therefore the skin becomes pale, dry, wrinkled and loses its elasticity. 2. The thyroid gland is in the larynx, and its work depends on the consumption of iodine. With an increase in the function of the gland, the following changes occur: sweating increases, the skin becomes sensitive to touch (white and red spots, dermographism), mainly moisturizes and reddens. With a decrease in thyroid function: the skin becomes dry and rough, scales appear on it, hair falls out. 3. The pancreas manages the production of insulin, and the development of diabetes is a violation of its work. In diabetics, the skin is sticky and pale, prone to the formation of boils, with appearing capillaries. 4. Adrenal hormones or corticosteroids are most important in cosmetic terms, because they affect puberty and allergic reactions. With their increase begins excessive hair growth in women, leading to accumulation of fat on the back, abdomen and face. When they decrease, a strong weight loss and skin pigmentation occurs. 5. The sex hormones of the ovaries are responsible for the development of the female’s sex characteristics, rounding of the body, proper fat deposition in the thighs, and breast development. The lack of these hormones makes the skin thin and tender, covers the palms with cold sweat, affects the inconstancy of menstruation, reduces the development of the mammary glands. An excess of hormones, especially male, leads to hair growth, muscle development, excessive secretion of sebum. What harm do male hormones cause? An excess of androgens is a major problem for many adolescent girls suffering from oily skin and acne. After all, women's ovaries also distinguish three main types of male hormones: - testosterone, - 5-testosterone (dihydrotestosterone, DHT), - 5-androstenediol. However, enhanced fat production is associated not only with the level of androgens in the blood, but also with special enzymes: - HBG protein - globulin that binds sex hormones - with a shortage of which testosterone binds to sebaceous glands, - increased 5-alpha reductase enzyme affects the increased the production of sebum due to the growth of androgens - type I androgen reductase - also increases the number of androgen receptors. The skin glands work even in the fetus under the influence of maternal and own hormones, therefore, heredity causes their production.During puberty, the secretion of sebum increases up to 5 times, and changes in its composition (lack of linoleic acid) leads to the formation of acne. How does the menstrual cycle affect the skin? Each of the hormones produced in the body affects the condition of the skin. The behavior of the skin in women is closely tied to the menstrual cycle, and changes in it should cause concern about hormonal health. The work of the sebaceous glands depends on the production of estrogens, like this: - before ovulation (on day 14 with a cycle time of 28 days) they restrain the work of the sebaceous glands, - after ovulation, many women have pimples, the skin becomes oily. The formation of acne and acne, as well as a sharp increase in the hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands - a reason for referring to an endocrinologist.
Nutrition for healthy hair
The question of eating the right food is acute for all those who have seriously decided to increase the growth of hair on their heads. Meals should comply with the following principles:
- Drink as much water as possible. Eminent trichologists claim that the main cause of brittle and dry hair is a lack of moisture. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to drink up to two liters of water per day, this is useful not only for the hair, but also for the whole organism.
- Add to the diet more foods containing fatty acids: sea fish, nuts.
- Drink as many vitamins as possible: F, which forms a lipid film that protects hair (nuts, oil, seafood), A, which nourishes hair from the inside (legumes, nuts, dairy products), H, or biotin, which helps form collagen and accelerate growth hair (liver, soy, tomatoes, spinach).
- Time to treat problems with the intestines. When dysbiosis beneficial substances can not be absorbed in the required quantity, so you need to think about the visit to the doctor.
The most useful products for hair growth are:
- Fat sea fish, especially salmon. Remarkable repository of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been recognized as a source of female beauty and health. Fish also contains a lot of protein - the building blocks of the body, and in it iron and vitamin B12. Veggie fans can replace salmon with a spoonful of linseed oil.
- Nuts Another storehouse of fatty acids, as well as selenium and zinc. The main thing - do not overeat.
- Poultry meat, especially chicken and turkey. They contain a huge amount of protein, as well as proteins and iron, the lack of which will lead to dullness and brittle hair.
- Vegetables, especially green. A huge amount of vitamins, as well as calcium and magnesium will allow the hair to receive adequate nutrition.
- Legumes Beans, lentils and peas contain a lot of protein, as well as iron, zinc and biotin, which makes hair strong and healthy.
- Milk products. Milk and its derivatives contain a lot of calcium, which strengthens not only bones, but also hair. In addition, cottage cheese and cheese contain a huge amount of protein, for which the hair will say a big thank you.
- Carrot. An excellent source of vitamin A, which contributes to the preservation of the healthy state of the scalp, which is important, since the hair is fed from there.
Head massage stimulating hair growth
Head massage is done in order to enhance blood circulation and, as a result, the skin and hair nutrition. It can be done in three ways:
- Massage with your fingers. It is done with finger pads in circular movements, while you can move from the temples to the crown, from the crown to the back of the head, and you should not forget to massage the hairline. First you just need to gently stroke the skin, then gradually increase the pressure, and finish again with light movements. The advantage of this massage is not only the stimulation of hair growth, but also complete relaxation after a hard day. It will be good to apply burdock oil on your fingers and rub it into the scalp.
- Massage comb. It is not for nothing that it is called massage; it can be used to stimulate the skin well, which will cause an increase in hair growth. It is best if it is made from natural materials: wood or bristle. To perform a massage, you just need to comb for a long time in different directions, for example, fifty movements from the forehead to the back of the head, fifty - in the opposite direction.
- Massage with goosebumps. This massager with a funny name is familiar to everyone, it is a handle with thin wires attached to it, which have small balls at the ends. This unit just needs to make up and down movements on the head, while the balls massage the skin and improve blood circulation. In addition, the charge of positive and relaxation is provided.
Effect of DHT on hair growth and loss
Testosterone is one of the most important hormones in the human body.
However, its hormonal activity is very low, it weakly interacts with androgen receptors, therefore it is referred to as prohormones (precursors of hormones formed in peripheral tissues or secretory cells).
The active form of testosterone is dihydrotestosterone (DHT), it is formed under the influence of the enzyme 5α-reductase. In women, testosterone in the ovarian follicles is converted to estrogen.
It dihydrotesterone affects the growth and hair loss. The increased content of this hormone leads to the development of the disease - alopecia, coupled with partial hair loss or progressive baldness.
An interesting fact is that baldness is included in the list of secondary sexual characteristics of men, which are formed under the influence of testosterone.
Therefore, the dependence of the active form of this prohormone - DHT and the intensity of growth (loss) of hair is quite argued.
A significant concentration of DHT in the hair follicles leads to bulb dystrophy and cessation of hair growth. Follicles of different people may have a different level of sensitivity to DHT, which is due, in the first place, heredity.
Therefore, androgenic alopecia, which occurs under the influence of DHT, is very difficult to treat.
Elevated levels of dihydrotestosterone in women can provoke hirsutism - hair growth on uncharacteristic areas, such as the face or chest.
HGH - the source of youth
Growth hormone synthesized in the anterior pituitary gland is called growth hormone (GH).
It is also responsible for hair growth and other vital processes in the body:
- enhances bone absorption of calcium and protein synthesis,
- has an immunostimulating effect,
- increases blood glucose levels
- promotes fat burning and other useful functions.
However, a significant part of the function is carried out with the help of the endocrine mediator IGF-1, called insulin-like growth factor. IGF-1 is a protein comprising 70 amino acids.
Secretion of growth hormone has about five peaks during the day, the maximum of them occurs at night, approximately two hours after falling asleep.
Scientists have established the relationship of activating hair growth with peaks of secretion of GH. The highest concentration of this hormone is observed during fetal development, is very significant up to 30 years, and then gradually decreases, approaching a minimum in old age.
For this reason, older people can not rejoice at the abundance of hair on the head and are not able to activate their growth.
Experts recommend stimulating the secretion of GH by physical exercise, prolonged sleep and the consumption of amino acids: glutamine, lysine, ornithine, arginine.
Scientists also note that it is these amino acids in the composition of drugs for treating hair from hair loss and means to stimulate growth have the most effective effect.
Inhibits the secretion of GH high blood levels of free fatty acids, estrogen, hormone samatostatin, a high concentration of IGF-1.
In the 90s of the last century, scientists began to study the effect of artificially introduced exogenous growth hormone in the body on the physical condition of people, especially the elderly.
In the present, many hormonal preparations contain GR. In hormone therapy, they are used for various purposes, such as building muscle or strengthening bone tissue.
However, almost all patients taking drugs with GH, noted increased hair growth and color restoration.
In addition, in women and men, there is an improvement in memory, sleep, heart function, increasing the energy potential in general, and even wrinkles are reduced.
More than 30% of people suffering from baldness, note with satisfaction that products, including growth hormones, stimulate the appearance of new hair.
The importance of growth factors for hair
Insulin-like growth factor-1 is one of the numerous growth factors (FR), the production of which is stimulated by GH.
Epidermal FR, which is responsible for maintaining the structure and restoring the skin, is also important for hair.
In essence, all RFs are proteins, whose functions include the regulation of the processes of development and growth of tissues and individual cells of the human body.
Epidermal and fibroblast FR affect the dermis, in which hair follicles are located and stimulate cell division, the production of elastin and collagen by fibroblasts.
The concentration of hormone-like proteins and peptides decreases with age, so cell division processes are disturbed, which is accompanied by a slowdown in the growth of tissues, including hair.
Therefore, to restore the functions used hormones, including natural hormones or synthetic analogues.
In addition, progressive manufacturers of cosmetics include various combinations of amino acids, FR, antioxidants and other components.
The main goal of innovative cosmetics is to saturate the cells with all the necessary elements for the fastest possible recovery of DNA, and to stimulate fibroblasts to increase the production of elastin and collagen.
For example, RNA accelerates cell division, hyalouran acid helps retain moisture and promotes collagen regeneration.
For renewal of cellular structures, nucleic acids and amino acids are of particular importance, the inclusion of growth hormone in drugs accelerates the process of their entry into the body.
GH also contributes to the improvement of the micro-capillary system, which is beneficially reflected in the influx of all the beneficial substances to the hair roots.
What hormones affect hair loss
The body of a woman is a very complex and mysterious system, the slightest failure in the activity of which can affect the appearance, including the hair.
Estrogens - female-type sex hormones are responsible for the beauty of the representatives of the weaker half of humanity. It is thanks to him that a woman is so different from a man whose body is dominated by androgens hormones.
But it is wrong to think that the male sex has some hormones, the female one has absolutely the opposite. Both types of hormones are present in the body of both. After all, in any person the reproductive system allocates both estrogen and androgens. Each of them perform a strictly defined activity. The concentration of hormones by sex varies.
In the female body, the ovaries, thyroid and adrenal glands are responsible for the formation of hormones. However, in every woman's life there are periods when the level of estrogen decreases, and androgens are produced above the norm. This leads to hormonal imbalance.
Here are some of the signs that show a woman's hormonal abnormalities caused by an increase in the level of male hormones:
- The menstrual cycle is broken
- Libido decreases
- The activity of the sebaceous glands increases: skin and hair become oily
- Sharply gaining excess weight
- A rough voice
- Hair fall out
- Appears "facial hair" on the male type
- Loss of hair in this case is called "androgenic alopecia."
Why do men grow bald? Because of the dominance in their body androgens, which are detrimental to the hair follicles. Male hormones inhibit the activity of the cells of the hair follicles, so hair growth decreases, a sharp loss begins.
Causes of Fallout
But hair loss is not only dependent on androgens. Hormonal background is disturbed and due to the drop in the body's level of estrogen, when their number increases or decreases. And this immediately affects the state of hair - it begins to thin.
These are the reasons for hair loss caused by changes in the amount of female hormones produced:
A powerful hormonal alteration occurs in the body. Hormones are produced in large quantities, because they are responsible for the formation of secondary sexual characteristics in humans. Therefore, at this age, almost all adolescents face unpleasant moments: abundant acne, oily crawling hair.
Start of menstruation
Another surge of raging hormones, the ovaries work with the greatest intensity - they have begun to perform a new and important function in the body of a maturing girl. Intensive work implies a greater production of estrogen, and this does not in the best quality affects the condition of the hair. And young women of fashion, trying to hide temporary problems with skin and hair, excessively apply cosmetics, various coloring compositions, gels, varnishes, thereby provoking the deterioration of the health of hair.
Pregnancy and childbirth
This time in the life of a woman is called "hormonal waves" - the level of estrogen constantly fluctuates. Initially, there is a sharp surge, after childbirth - a significant decrease. When carrying a baby, in the body of the future mother, the level of female hormones is very high: estrogen and progesterone. Responsible for beauty, these substances have a beneficial effect on the hair - they become strong and silky.
In the postpartum period, there are dramatic changes in the hormonal background. The body is trying to "calm down" the rampage of hormones, to return them to normal, but nothing goes away: young mothers are constantly forced to observe such trouble as thinning their hairstyle. When breastfeeding a woman gives a lot of vitamins and microelements, respectively, the hair does not receive adequate nutrition, it also harms their condition.
During this period, the activity of the ovaries gradually subsides, and less estrogen is produced. At the same time, androgens often dominate: an increase in the level of testosterone, a male sex hormone, is observed in a woman’s body. The female organism reacts instantly to such age-related changes: there are splashes of irritability, and problems with hair and skin.
They are the main "suppliers" of hormones. The term "dysfunction" means a violation of hormone-generating function, due to which there is a lack of ovulation, that is, menstruation. May cause the development of fibroids, mastopathy, uterine bleeding. Dysfunction causes a breakdown in hormonal balance: an overabundance of estrogen and a lack of progesterone.
Any pathology in the activity of the ovaries will certainly affect the condition of the hair.
It is responsible for the production of hormones of two groups - thyroxine and thyrocalcitonin. Violation of their concentration in the body is manifested by symptoms:
- Fatigue, insomnia
- Stress, breakdowns
- Standing chill
- Long constipation
All these factors entail diseases of the nervous, digestive system, and in one degree or another are fraught with deterioration of the hair and scalp.
Depression, severe stress
Nervous system shocks play a negative role for hair health. Constant emotional stress, lack of rest, insomnia provoke adrenal glands production of stress hormone - cortisol, and in turn it increases testosterone and dihydrotestosterone levels. After some time, begins an intense loss of hair.
Hormone therapy, contraceptive use
The health of the hair depends on the intake of hormone-containing drugs. During this course, genes are activated that are responsible for the quality of hair.
To provoke the loss of hair can directly like the use of such drugs, their change or even cancellation.
Estrogens during hormone therapy entered the body and helped in maintaining beauty. As soon as the reception ends, there is a sharp decrease in the amount of hormones, which causes hair loss.
The fact. With many medicines in this group contain progesterone, drops in the level of this hormone in the body can trigger baldness.
As for the problems with hair associated with physiological changes, everything is clear here. No need to panic. All these processes are temporary. The body itself regulates the normalization of hormonal levels, and after a while its activity stabilizes.
During this period, the restructuring of all systems need to support weak hair, this can be done with the help of folk remedies. They will provide hair and skin with additional nutrition, vitamins.
If hormonal hair loss is provoked by diseases or medications taken, in this situation, however trite it may sound, first of all, you should immediately consult a doctor. Self-healing raging hormones do not calm down.
Only a specialist will make the appointment of necessary examinations that will help identify the presence of endocrine disorders. For this you need to pass tests:
- Blood: total, biochemical, iron content
- Screening for infections
- The level of hormones: sex, thyroid
- Spectral analysis of hair
When the pathology is revealed, the main treatment is prescribed. Against this background, strengthening procedures are usually performed:
- head massage
- taking vitamins
- nourishing masks, rinsing, rubbing of plant extracts.
Testosterone and its derivative
Earlier it was believed that testosterone is the main problem of baldness in men and women. Men experience baldness as a result of the gradual loss of this hormone: about 1% per year. Alopecia of women with androgenic type or alopecia of the top of the head occurs with a sharp increase in testosterone production.
The hair is affected by the active form of testosterone hormone, which is called dihydrotestosterone and belongs to androgens. When it is overproduced, both men and women are susceptible to baldness of the androgenic type. In the hair follicles accumulates a steroid and leads to fat, brittleness and hair loss.
The hormones produced by the thyroid gland also affect the condition of the hair. With their lack, hypothyroidism, hair becomes brittle, dull, lifeless. Possible diffuse alopecia - even hair loss over the entire area of the head.
Hyperthyroidism - an excess of thyroid-stimulating hormones, does not promise healthy hair growth, can cause their diffuse prolapse and makes the hair shaft soft and straight. This may interfere with permanent curling.
Hypoparathyroidism is a condition in which the parathyroid glands stop the production of parathyroid hormones. May cause thinning and loss of hair.
Excessive production of prolactin can cause hair loss, both directly and indirectly. Hyperprolactinemia is an excess of the hormone prolactin. It can lead to diffuse loss of hair, and to baldness on the androgenic type due to the accumulation of paraandrogens.
Preparations for hair growth
In the human body produces a hormone responsible for the growth of hair, nails and skin elasticity. At a young age, a fairly large amount of this substance is produced, and with age it is becoming less and less.
Therefore, as a rule, young women are remarkably helped by cosmetics and various hair masks. But sometimes traditional means do not help in the matter of improving the state of the hairstyle, therefore the trichologist may additionally write out the hormones for hair growth, which will help balance the hormones. Most often, the hormonal course of injections of somatropin is produced, which has a rejuvenating effect and renews the body.
The leading drugs that accelerate hair growth are medications based on Minoxidil, which causes dilation of blood vessels and, as a result, improves the nutrition of the hair from the inside. The drug that meets all requirements, is available in the form of sprays and lotions, it is desirable to use it twice a day, while you need to choose the smallest percentage of minoxidil, and if there is no improvement, it should be increased. If you are hypersensitive to the component, allergic reactions, redness and itching may occur, as well as hair in unwanted places.
Folk remedies for hair growth
For centuries, long and strong hair was considered a sign of beauty and health, so our ancestors noticed which products and substances best of all influence hair growth and made various masks and lapping of them.
The best effect is provided by such masks, the use of which will help to accelerate hair growth at home, such as:
- Pepper. It is considered to be the best remedy, since it warms the scalp evenly and improves blood circulation. To get the tincture, which is rubbed into the skin, you need to insist on vodka or oil pod of red pepper for several weeks. This tool should not be used in its pure form, it is best to dilute it in kefir or oil.
- Mustard. For it is necessary to mix a glass of kefir, 2 tablespoons of burdock oil, 1 tablespoon of mustard powder. The mixture should be applied to the hair and hold for twenty minutes, then rinse. There is another version of the mask: you need two yolks, a spoon of mustard powder and a glass of kefir.
- Ginger. It is necessary to take fresh ginger, grate and squeeze the juice, which is then applied to the hair. After the procedure, you need to remember to wash your hair, as the hair will become very sticky. You can also mix the grated mass with sesame oil. If no discomfort was noticed, you can leave the mask on for the night.
- Honey It will take honey and finely grated onions, which are mixed in proportion to four parts of onions per part of honey. Mask must be rubbed and left for forty minutes, and then rinsed without using shampoo.
- Egg. Need: a teaspoon of brandy, honey and henna, a tablespoon of vegetable oil and yolk. Everything needs to be mixed until smooth. Then the mask is applied to the hair and the head is wrapped tightly with a towel. Need to keep at least half an hour.
Separately, you can select such a folk remedy as burdock oil, which is considered one of the best natural products for hair care. This tool contains many vitamins and fatty acids, as well as trace elements that are useful for hair. Burdock oil helps with hair loss, dullness and brittle hair, perfectly nourishes the scalp, restores damaged hair structure.
For the most effective use, it is necessary to heat the oil a little, then rub it into the scalp and distribute it over the entire length of the hair. After that, it is advisable to warmly wrap off the head with a film, and on top - a towel. After an hour, you can rinse off with shampoo.
It is impossible to say which of the natural masks acts better, it depends on purely individual factors. The most important thing in this matter is regularity, and then a lush and brilliant mop of hair will appear in reality, and not just in pink dreams.